Rust Hello World Examples

Rust Hello World

Get started learning Rust using the following Hello World examples.


Create a new source file and call it Rust files always end with the .rs extension. If you’re using more than one word in your filename, use an underscore to separate them. For example, use rather than

Now open the file you just created and enter the code in Listing 1-1.


fn main() {
    println!("Hello, world!");


$ rustc
$ ./main
Hello, world!

Anatomy of a Rust Program

fn main() {


These lines define a function in Rust. The main function is special: it is always the first code that runs in every executable Rust program. The first line declares a function named main that has no parameters and returns nothing. If there were parameters, they would go inside the parentheses, ().

Also, note that the function body is wrapped in curly brackets, {}. Rust requires these around all function bodies. It’s good style to place the opening curly bracket on the same line as the function declaration, adding one space in between.

If you want to stick to a standard style across Rust projects, you can use an automatic formatter tool called rustfmt to format your code in a particular style. The Rust team has included this tool with the standard Rust distribution, like rustc, so it should already be installed on your computer! Check the online documentation for more details.

Inside the main function is the following code:

    println!("Hello, world!");

This line does all the work in this little program: it prints text to the screen. There are four important details to notice here.

First, Rust style is to indent with four spaces, not a tab.

Second, println! calls a Rust macro. If it called a function instead, it would be entered as println (without the !). For now, you just need to know that using a ! means that you’re calling a macro instead of a normal function.

Third, you see the "Hello, world!" string. We pass this string as an argument to println!, and the string is printed to the screen.

Fourth, we end the line with a semicolon (;), which indicates that this expression is over and the next one is ready to begin. Most lines of Rust code end with a semicolon.

Compiling and Running Are Separate Steps

You’ve just run a newly created program, so let’s examine each step in the process.

Before running a Rust program, you must compile it using the Rust compiler by entering the rustc command and passing it the name of your source file, like this:

$ rustc

After compiling successfully, Rust outputs a binary executable.

On Linux, macOS, and PowerShell on Windows, you can see the executable by entering the ls command in your shell.

More Hello World examples

Let us look at more examples:

Example 1: Hello World Rust

This is a simple Hello World Example written in Rust Programming Language.

Step 1: Create Project

  1. Open your Rust IDE.
  2. In the menu go to File --> Create New Project.

Step 2: Add Dependencies

Go to your Cargo.toml and modify it as follows:

No dependencies are needed for this project

Step 3: Write Code

Next create a file known as and add the following code:

#1: defines a function named: main.

main function:
    + this is a special function.
    + it runs as the first code in an executable rust program.
fn main() {
    /*    ^
          between { and }

    this is where this function's body starts.

    what you write in the function body will be executed,

      1. when you compile:


      2. and run on xnix:


      3. or run on windows:


    println!("Hello, world!");
    //     ^                 ^
    /*     |                 +--------------------------------------------------------+
           |                                                                          |
    #3: calls a macro named: println that writes "Hello, world!" to the screen.     |
        + to call a macro   : println!("...")                                         |
        + to call a function: println("...")                                          |
        + you'll learn the differences later on.                                      |
    end your statements with this semicolon. <----------------------------------------+
    so the next one can begin.

    just like in C, and other languages with a similar syntax,
    semicolon here tells the compiler that this statement is over.


Copy the code, build and run.


Here are the reference links:

Number Link
1. Download Example
2. Follow code author
3. Code: Apache 2.0 License

Example 2: Hello Wolrd - Run in Docker

Here is the code of

fn main() {
    let hi =say_hi();
    println!("{}", hi);

fn say_hi() -> String {
    "Hi ! The project is working".to_string()

fn test_greet() {
    assert_eq!("Hi ! The project is working", say_hi())

mod informations {
  pub fn basic() {
    println!("Lets see some basic informations");
  pub fn author() {
    print!("Kevin ");

  fn private_last_name() {


  • Docker
  • Docker Compose

Running the project

Here's how you run:

docker-compose build
docker-compose up


hello_1  | Hi ! The project is working
hello_1  | Lets see some basic informations
hello_1  | Kevin Martins


Download the code here.

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